UDUTYAM JAATAVEDASAM DEVAM VAHANIT KETAVAH DRISHE VISHWAAYA SURYAM |
of the Vedas gives enlightenment just as the rays of the rising Sun makes
everything visible to us.
Just like the Sun, which sheds light without any discrimination, knowledgeable people distribute their knowledge so that it helps all the people to become free from their sorrows and miseries.
SHRAAYANT IVA SURYA VISHWENDIDRASYA BHAKSHAT |
VASUNI JAATE JANAMAANA OJASAAPRATI BHAAGAM NA DEEDHIM |
O Men! Take
refuge of the light of the Sun-the great motivator and devour all kinds of food
grains that grow. Emulate us, who enjoy the luxuries of life with the help of
our hard earned money.
In this richa, the greatness of Sun has been eulogised because the sunlight helps in the growth of vegetations and food grains, which are necessary for our survival. This richa says that we should work hard for our success and prosperity.
VIDADYADI SARMAA RUGNA MADRERMAHI PAATHAH PARNYA SADHNYAKKAH |
AGRAM NAYATSU PADYAKSHA RAANAAMACHCHAA RAVAM PRATHAMAA JAANATEE GAAT ||
'unbiased Vedas' destroys the darkness of ignorance, a man inherits this great
knowledge from his ancestors because 'Vedvani' preaches non-perishable truths,
which helps us tread the path of the 'supreme path'.
One must attain knowledge from the Vedas because it teaches us those non-perishable truths that lead us to the path of self-improvement.
UPA NAH SUNVO GIRAH SHRINVANTVA MRITASYA YE |
SUMRIDIKA BHAVANTU NAH ||
May our sons
imbibe the knowledge of the Vedas given by the invincible gods and give us joy
It is obvious that the reading of the Vedas and their proper understanding and practice helps a man attain happiness and joy.
PRAITU BRAHMANASPATIH PRA DEVYETU SUNRITA |
ACHCHAA VIRAM NARYA PANKTI RAADHASAM DEVAA YAGYA NAYANTU NA ||
the scholars participate in the religious sacrifice performed by us! May we
realise the eternal truth! May all the noble people, scholars and benefactors of
society help and assist us in accomplishing the Yagya.
Whenever one performs the Yagya, one should always invite respected people of society to participate in it because their mere presence and blessings are enough to ensure the successful accomplishment of the Yagya. This particular richa means that all people should work in unison for the welfare and progress of society.
YENEDAM BHUTAM BHUVANAM BHAVISHYAT PARIGRIHITA MRITEN SARVAM|
YENA YAGYASTAAYATE SAPTA HOTAA TANME MANAH SHIVA SANKALPAM ASTU
my non-perishable mind, which has imbibed all the knowledge from the past,
present and future and which helps in the accomplishment of Yagya performed by 'Sapta
hotaganas’ be of good resolution.
Our life is like a 'Yagya', which is accomplished by the means of 'Sapta hotas'-body, organs of actions, organs of perceptions, mind, intelligence, soul and supreme-soul. The mind can be compared to a very fast galloping horse, which is very difficult to control. If it is pure then virtuous deeds are ensured. On the contrary, if the mind is pervaded by impure thoughts, then success always remains elusive. Therefore to attain success, a pure mind is an absolute necessity.
PITUM NU STOSHAM MAHO DHARMAANAM TAVISHIM|
YASTA TRITO VYOJASAA VRITRAM VIPARVA MARDAYAT
praise the food grains that we partake! With the help of the strength derived
from them, Indra the lord of all the three worlds killed ‘Vrita’ (demon) by
fragmenting his bodies into pieces.
We should eat only such food that is nutritious, wholesome and that gives energy. We should abstain from such food that does not give energy and weakens our body because a healthy mind dwells in a healthy body.
ANVIDANUMATE TVAM MANYAASAI SHAM CHA NASKRIDHI|
KRATVE DAKSHAAYA NO HINU PRA NA AAYUNSHI TAARISHAH||
Bless us with whatever you think is noble and favorable. Bless us with
intelligence and cleverness so that our mind becomes sharp and sound. Bless us
with a long life.
We should always try to seek the company of scholars so that they guide us and lead to the path of progress. Self-study and good company refines our intelligence, which naturally leads to better understanding and a long life.
TVADAA KASHCHANA HI PRAKETAH
kind of 'specific knowledge' is attainable by your blessings.
By the blessings of God, a man graduates from worldly to divine knowledge. God realisation becomes possible with the attainment of 'Brahm gyan’, which naturally leads to 'Vishishta-Gyaan’ (knowledge of the divine cosmic soul).
TVAM JYOTISHAA VI TAMO VAVARTHA ||
destroy darkness by your radiance.
The light of ‘knowledge’ can only destroy the darkness of ‘Ignorance’. It helps human beings to tread on the path of virtuosity, growth and progress.
TRINI PADAA VI CHAKRAME VISHNURGOPAA ADAABHYAH |
ATO DHARMAANI DHARAAYANA ||
God, who is omnipresent, eternal and the protector of all creates all the three
worlds in diverse ways and nurtures them and He also creates the laws which
helps them to function in an orderly manner.
God is omnipresent, eternal and the protector of all. He is the omnipotent power responsible for the creation, nurturing and destruction of all the three worlds. He also creates the laws followed by nature to function in an orderly manner. Therefore, one should take inspiration from Him and seek His blessings for progress and prosperity.
TADVI PRAASO VIPANYAVO JAAGRIVAANSAH SAMINDHATE |
VISHNORYOTPARAM PADAM ||
scholars eulogise the lord in diverse ways. Being constantly alert to the cause
of God, they endeavour to enlighten others with His divinity and effulgence.
The scholars strive to enkindle the flame of knowledge in one and all. Anybody, who is desirous of divine knowledge, must seek the company of scholars.
ASHMANVATEE REEYATE SAM RAMADHVA MUTTISHTHAT PRA TARTAA SAKHAAYAH |
ATRAA JAHIMO ASHIVAA YE ASANCHHIVAANVAYA MUTTAREMABHI VAJAN ||
friends! A river with stones lying at its bed is flowing! Give your best efforts
to cross it! Stand up and strive to go beyond! Renounce anything that is painful
and accept all that gives happiness.
This world is like a river with stones lying at its bed and the human being has to cross it to reach the ‘Paraloka’ (heaven). Therefore, if the human being strives with perseverance and grit he can easily cross this river of 'material- world'.
RICHAM VAACHAM PRA PADYE MANO YAJUH PRA PADYE SAAMA PRAANAM PRA PAPADYE CHAKSHUH
SHROTRAM PRA PADYE |
VAAGOJAH SAHAUJO MAYI PRAANAANA NAU ||
My speech seeks
the refuge of the 'Rigveda'! My mind seeks the refuge of the 'Yajurveda'! My
vital force (prana) seeks the refuge of the 'Samaveda'. My ears seek the refuge
of the 'Atharvaveda'. May my 'speech', 'strength' and 'vital-force' unify to
become more powerful.
This particular richa, while glorifying the 'Vedas' advises a man to dedicate his various sense of perceptions to them- 'speech' to Rigveda, 'mind' to Yajurveda and 'vital-force' to Samveda respectively, so that they become more powerful, strong and stable.
The knowledge of the Vedas can make a person capable and strong.
DRITE DAANHA MAA |
JYOKTE SANDRISHI JIVYAASAM JYOKTE SANDRISHI JIVYAASAM ||
Make me strong and may all befriend me. May I develop a sense of brotherhood.
May I develop a sense of brotherhood and consider all as my friend. May we all
develop a sense of brotherhood and affection.
May god bless us with the feeling of brotherhood so that we may live happily and peacefully and help and assist each other in our duties.
TACHCHA KSHURDEVAHITAM PURASTACHCHHU KRAMMUCHARAT |
PASHYEM SHARADAH SHATAM JIVEM SHRADAH SHATAM SHRUNUYAAMA SHARADAH SHATAM PRA BRAYAAMA SHARADAH SHATAMADINAAH SYAAM SHARADAH SHATAM BHUYASHCHA SHARADAH SHATAATA ||
the possessor of 'pure eyes of knowledge’ (gyaan netra) and the benefactor of
scholars, arose first of all. May he bless us so that we can see for 100 years,
live for 100 years, hear for 100 years, preach for 100 years and live a life
free from misery for 100 years and enjoy a happy life for 100 years!
We should first try to acquire that knowledge, which is beneficial for all mankind. This will naturally help us to strengthen our senses and enjoy a long and disciplined life. Right Knowledge helps us to have a healthy body and consequently a long life of 100 years.
VAACHAMASTAME NI YACHCHA DEVAA YUVAM ||
us with such power of speech that is capable of attracting scholars.
Everybody is aware of the power of speech. Speech should always be pleasing and soothing to the ear so that we are loved by one and all. Pleasing speech is capable of conquering the heart of the cruelest of men. We should, therefore, consciously try to speak softly so that we are loved and respected by everybody. We can acquire knowledge only if we are humble and down to earth and this shows in our speech.
MAYI TYAANDI INDRIYAM BRIHANMAYI DAKSHO MAYI KRATUH |
May I be blessed with divine energy! May I become more efficient! May there be improvement in my sense of duty! We should practice self-control and make serious efforts to acquire 'Supreme- knowledge' so that we become strong, intelligent and efficient. As a result of this we will be able to fulfill all our responsibilities properly. We should engage in the type of deeds that help in honing our skills and increasing our energy to perform work.
MANASAH KAMA MAAKUTIM VAACHAH SATYAM ASHIYA |
I be blessed with a contemplative nature and proper intelligence that gives an
ability to understand things in their real perspective! May my speech be
Acquiring knowledge and then contemplating on it helps a man to understand things in their real perspective. Right knowledge strengthens the conviction of a person, which helps him to focus on his desired objects and make efforts in the right direction for its achievement.
KURVANNEVEHA KARMAANI JIJEEVISHE CHADATAM SAMAAH |
EVAM KHAYI NAANYA THETO ASTI NA KARMA LIPYATE NARE!!
aspire to live for a 100 years performing his 'karma'. A man's life devoid of
'Karma' is worthless. One who understands this fact and acts accordingly never
gets attached to his 'karma'.
We should perform virtuous deeds that bring good fruits. We should always try to avoid lethargy and inaction. Respecting elders, honouring guests, being compassionate to all creatures and having respect for all the divine forces, whose blessings we require for the successful accomplishment of our works and to become free from the bondages of our 'karma' are the virtuous deeds.
ASURYAA NAAMA TE LOKAA ANDHENA TAMASAAVRITAAH
TAANSTE PRETYAAPI GACHCHANTI YE KE CHAATMAHANO JANAAH
self-destructive tendencies live in 'darkness of ignorance', which they cannot
escape even after death.
There are three kinds of energy present in every individual- 'physical', 'mental' and 'spiritual'. Physical energy is also called 'Asurya'. Those who misuse their physical energy by quarrelling and fighting with others end in misery. This richa gives the name of the following self-destructive activities and advises us to abstain from them- atheism, indulging in evil and sinful deeds knowingly, amassing wealth more then one's requirement, greed, acting against the spirit of unity, wandering mind that results into aimlessness, evil thoughts and thoughts that lead to failure and misery.
YASTU SARVAANI BHUTAANYA ATMANNE VAANU PASHYATI
SARVABHUTESHU CHAATMAANAM TATO NA VI CHIKITSATI ||
He, who really
'experiences' all creatures through his own soul and also 'experiences' the
souls present in all creatures transcends all kinds of suspicion.
The person, who realises that there is 'One supreme soul' which dwells in one and all, and understands that the apparent difference of distinct individuality is only the result of ignorance and false perceptions, does not hate anybody. His mind is freed from all kinds of suspicions because he realizes that the same almighty God is present in every individual. Such a person achieves equanimity and has love for all of humanity.
SAMBHUTIM CHA VINAASHAM CHA YASTADWEDOBHAYA ASAHA |
VINAASHENA MRITYUM TIRTVA SAMBHUTYAAMRITA MASHNUTE ||
the virtues of 'unity' brings salvation to a man, while that of 'diversity'
helps him conquer 'death'.
This particular richa glorifies the virtues of 'Unity'. 'United we stand and disunited we fall'-so goes the saying. If there is no unity in the society then it shall undoubtedly disintegrate and consequently the man, who in fact is the 'unit of society' also shall cease to exist. Therefore, a person should selflessly work for the growth of society.
VIDYAAM CHA AVIDYAM CHA YASTADWEDOBHAYA ASAHA |
AVIDYAYAA MRITYUM TIRTAVAA VIDYAYAA AMRITAM ASHNUTE ||
A person, who
knows about the 'Laws of Nature' as well as the 'Self', conquers death with the
former and attains 'Salvation' with the latter.
In this richa, it has been pointed out that a man should try to acquire the knowledge of the 'Laws of Nature’ (worldly knowledge) as well as the 'Self- knowledge' because both are important. The knowledge of 'self' increases one's moral strength and brings peace of mind as it helps in eliminating all the confusions and doubts in our mind. In the same manner proper understanding of 'Laws of Nature' helps us to fulfill all material needs. Both these types of knowledge are essential for spiritual and materialistic success.
VAAYURNIL AMRITAM THEDAM BHASMAANT ASHARIRAM |
AUM KRATO SMADA | KLIBE SMAR KRIT ASMAR ||
This body is
going to cease once the vital force or 'prana' abandons it. O Purush! Meditate
on the immortal soul! Contemplate on your past 'karma' (deeds)! Remember!
Remember your past 'karma'!
A man should work towards becoming a 'karma-yogi' and meditate on the supreme almighty. He should never forget that his mortal body is going to be burnt to ashes one day. He should therefore engage in such virtuous deeds that bring good fruits. He should introspect and contemplate on the past deeds so that chances of repeating the same mistakes are eliminated.
AGNE NAYA SUPATHA RAYE ASMANVISHWANI DEVVAYUNANI VIDWANA |
O Lord! You are
aware of all our deeds. O Supreme Illumined Soul, lead us to the path of
We should never forget that the Almighty God is aware of all our deeds. We should therefore try to indulge in virtuous deeds. O Lord! Therefore guide us, lead us to the path of righteousness so that we may grow materialistically as well as spiritually.
HIRANMAYENA PAATRENA SATYA STHAPIHITAM SUKHAM |
The 'face of
truth' is covered with a gold vessel.
How prophetic this richa is in proclaiming that the 'Face of truth' is covered by 'Gold'. It implies that realisation of Truth is most difficult as it's face has a covering of gold, which is a temptation people find difficult to resist and stop making efforts to realise it. Put in a simple way, each of us has the potential to realise Truth provided we are free from greed because it is the root cause of all sins. Once the gold covering is removed truth becomes visible.